Lesson 5:Madd Al-Munfasil مد المنفصل

  • This is defined as the separated Madd because one of the letters of mad and hamza (a reason of mad) comes in two successive words. This occurs when the letter Madd appears at the end of one word and the hamza appears at the beginning of the next word. In this case, the reciter can elongate up to four alif amount.
  • Application of Madd Al-Muttasil in 1-4 alif amount is Jaaiz, so we call it Madd Al-Jaaiz.
  • Hamza can be written with Alif harakah( ُاَ اِ ا) or (ء). For those who are not familiar with the Arabic language, it may be difficult to identify words as ‘connected’ or ‘separated’. In an attempt to help readers, there are Qurans specifically printed in a way that makes it easier to spot Madd Al-Muttasil and Madd Al-Munfasil. These are worth looking into for their practicality.
  • If the hamza that comes after a letter madd appears in this form (ء), then it is Madd Al-Muttasil, whereas if it appears as ( ُاَ اِ ا ) it is Madd Al-Munfasil.
  • In these Madd Al-Munfasil examples below, please pay attention to red-colored letters that makes prolonging in these words from Qur’an.
  • Also, please hear me out that I will NOT ALWAYS prolong examples in 4 musical notes due to fact that it is not required. It is good to know that  because you need this info for your breath management while you read Qur’an between verses and stops (waqf).
  • Now, let’s start practicing 😊: