Dammah (ـــُــ)

In Arabic, a small curl-like waaw placed above a letter is called dammah ( ـــُــ ). When dammah is above a rough letter, it is pronounced with a U sound, as in “look”. With soft letters, dammah has softer pronunciation, as in “fuse”. While completing the exercises, please also keep these points in your mind:

  • When reciting syllable by syllable it is important not to elongate the sound.
  • As you can see from the examples below, when letters are written together to form words they lose their lower “tails.” To get used to this, one should work a large number of examples.
  • Letters undergo changes when connecting them in writing. Some can connect with letter coming before and after while some only connect with those before them.
  • د ذ ر ز ا و These letters do not connect to the one after them
  • If you pay attention to the letters in red, you can better see the changes that occur when connecting letters.

Let’s start 😊: