Letters (ق ط ض)

  • There are 28 letters in the Holy Quran.
  • In order to recite the Quran properly, it is important to pronounce letters according to the pronunciation rules, paying attention to vowel quality.
  • The correct pronunciation of the letters must be learned from a master recite.
  • لا is not a letter but a combination of Lam and Alif.
  • From these letters, 7 are (as commonly known) thick sounded (Emphatic consonants) written in red : (خ ص ض ط ظ غ ق) However, these letters are letters of isti’laa. That means these letters should be pronounced with a full mouth. All other letters should be pronounced with half mouth, except the letter of ( ر  ) raa which has unique conditions in its pronunciations. We will cover conditions of raa in Tajweed Lessons inshAllah.
  • 3 are lisp sounded letters ( ث ذ ظ)
  • Don’t forget to check out Emission points of Arabic letters (Makhaarij Al-Huruuf) at the bottom of this page

Let’s start 😊:



1) Deep Throat 2) Mid-Throat 3) Upper Throat


4) Far Tongue
5) Far Tongue and Mid-Tongue
6) Middle Tongue, Hard Palate
7) Tip of Tongue, Front Palate
8)Tip of Tongue, Upper Front Teeth
9) Tip Bottom of Tongue, Upper Front Teeth 10) Side Tongue
11) Tip of Tongue, Upper Front Teeth
12) Tip of Tongue, Lower Front Teeth 13) Tip of Tongue, Edge of Front Teeth


14) Lower Lip, Upper Front Teeth 15) Upper and Lower Lips
[16] Short Vowels: Throat and Mouth Cavity [17] Ghunnah: Nasal Cavity