Lesson 9: Introduction to “Tanween” and “Noon with Sukoon” rules. (  ْن  and  ً ٍ ٌ  )

Introduction 2: Fundamental Terms and Definitions about Rules related to Tanween and Noon with Sukoon

(  ْن  and  ً ٍ ٌ  )  

Let’s start doing a question and answer session to internalize some of the fundamental terms and definitions about the rules related to Tanween and noon with sukoon (  ْن ) and (  ً ٍ ٌ   ) in Quranic recitation before getting sophisticated.

Q:🧐What is Tanween?

A:🤓 Tanween means two Fatha (Nasb), two Kasra (Jar), and two Dhamma (Raf) in Qur’an (  ً ٍ ٌ   )

Q:🧐 What is Noon Saakinah (Static Noon)?

A:🤓 Noon Saakinah means a Noon with Sukoon (or Jazm) on it (  ْن )

Q:🧐 What is the deal about Tanween and Noon Saakinah?

A:🤓 In Qur’an, wherever you read, if you see Tanween and Noon Saakinah, there will ALWAYS be a recitation rule related to the pronunciation of the noon letter. 

Q:🧐 How many and what these rules are?

A:🤓 There are four rules related to Tanween and Noon Saakinah.

Q:🧐 How many and what these rules are?

A:🤓 There are four rules related to Tanween and Noon Saakinah. Namely, (1) Izhaar, (2) Al-Idhghaam, (3) Al-Iqlaab, and (4) Al-Ikhfa.

Q:🧐 What are the criteria that I will use to pinpoint those rules in Qur’an?

A:🤓 For the rules, you must look at the letter after the Noon Saakinah or Tanween to determine which rule to apply.

Q:🧐 Please elaborate on these rules and letters that will help us to determine which rule to apply

A:🤓 Definitely! Let me give you a formula for each rule:

1.Izhaar
2.a. Al-Idghaam with Gunna  

 

2.b. Al-Idghaam without Gunna
3. Al-Iqlaab
4. Al-Ikhfaa

Q:🧐 You said there are only four rules but you showed 5! So, what is gunnah? 

A:🤓 Normally, ghunnah is whenever a shadda ّ  appears on Noon ن or Meem م, a reciter must vibrate the sound through the nose. In idghaam with ghunnah rule, we do the same with 4 letters above related to this rule since we should skip the noon and connect the letter before the noon and the letter after the noon with shadda; we do the same for idghaam without ghunnah but we don’t make the sound through the nose which is the difference between idghaam with ghunnah and idghaam without ghunnah. In examples, you will understand it better. 

Q:🧐 How can I memorize all these letters? Isn’t it too hard?

A:🤓 No it isn’t! Let me give you a hint. Izhaar letters are letters of the throat. Iqlaab letter is the only ب, there are only 6 idhgaam letters, and the rest will be ikhfaa letters

Q:🧐 Is there any other hint that you want to give me to ease my job?

A:🤓 Yes, there is! If you see Tanween and Sâkin Noon ( ْن and ً ٍ ٌ ) anywhere in Qur’an, there must be 4 rules related to the pronunciation of noon. You will (1) pronounce (or show) the noon (Izhaar),  (2) you will hide the noon (ikhfaa), (3) you will skip the noon and connect letters before and after noon (idghaam), and finally (4) you will transform the noon sound into meem sound (Iqlaab). That’s it! 

Q:🧐 Is there any exception in Tanween and Noon Saakinah?

A:🤓 Yes, there are words in Qur’an that meet the requirement of Tanween and Noon with Sokoon ( ْن and ً ٍ ٌ ), but we do nothing just read as it is. These words are:

Q:🧐 Let’s start practicing then!

A:🤓 O.K. Let’s do it! Now you can move on to the next lesson. Good luck!